Infinitive / Gerund

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    Rewrite the sentence using Infinitive/gerund    – 01 Mark

    Points to Remember

    1] Replace the infinitive/gerund and rewrite the remaining sentence as it is. 

    To +V1— Infinitive  (to write/ to sing/ to call)

    V-ing —    Gerund  (working/ singing / calling)

    2] Remove prepositions (in, on, for, after )+ ing. and use infinitive.

    We went Nagpur for starting new business.

    We went Nagpur to start new business.

    3] According to the meaning of the sentence use prepositions with gerund. (like for+ing / in+ ing / of +ing) 

    Solve the examples of Infinitive / gerung

    1] People started pushing from behind. [Use infinitive]

    Ans: 

    2] In high school Michel had a job selling Newspaper (Rewrite using infinitive form)

    Ans:

    3] I spent hours looking for an adjective. (Rewrite using Infinitive)

    Ans: 

    4] Parkinson has tried reading his pattern in the case of great empires world wide.

    Ans: 

    5] Big Data has been useful in identifying and tracking the exact location of a place. (Use infinitive)

    Ans: 

    6] Big Data helps in monitoring the outbreaks (eruption) of epidemics and diseases. (Use infinitive)

    Ans: 

    personal values essay to see the list of 1000 verb forms.

    7] The SEC is using natural language processors to identify possible frauds in the financial market. (Use – gerund)

    Ans: 

    8] This has immensely helped the logistics companies to reduce risks in transport. (Use gerund)

    Ans: 

    9] It has tremendously helped in improving individual as well as team performance. (Use infinitive)

    Ans: 

    10] Michael had another good idea to trade stamp. [Rewrite using gerund form of the underlined word]

    Ans: 

    11] To encourage productivity Dell computer gives award.(Rewrite using ‘gerund’ form )

    Ans 

    12] I had successive ideas of specializing in dermatology, in aural surgery, in pediatrics. (Use Infinitive Form of underlined word)

    13] I went casually to consult a friendly colleague. (Use Gerund Form)

    Ans

    14] It is quit human to want to do something. (Rewrite using’ gerund’ form of the underline)

    Ans

    15] A producer invests money in building up a reputation.(Use – infinitive)

    If/Unless- Solve the following online Test.

    #1. After a good deal of haggling, the other agreed. [Use infinitive]

    #2. He would call to Bill in front to wait. (Rewrite using ‘gerund’ form)

    #3. I can imagine that lift-man, denied the relief of throwing the author. [Use infinitive]

    #4. The law does not compel me to say “Please.” (Rewrite using ‘gerund’ form)

    #5. He can have the service for asking it. [Use infinitive]

    #6. I do not intend to suggest a rebuke to conductors generally. (Rewrite using ‘gerund’ form)

    #7. The Underground Railway Company also runs the buses, for insisting on a certain standard of civility. [Use infinitive]

    #8. After this I began to observe him whenever I boarded his bus. (Rewrite using ‘gerund’ form)

    #9. You are with the necessity of going back. [Use infinitive]

    #10. He would run up the stairs to give someone the tip. (Rewrite using ‘gerund’ form)

    #11. He added features to improve performance. (Use gerund form)

    #12. Anil likes to take photos. (Rewrite using gerunds)

    #13. Food is the most essential factor in building and maintaining health. (infinitive forms)

    #14. He poured the coins out and began to count. (Rewrite using gerund of the infinitive)

    #15. I could hardly bring myself entering her room. (Remove gerunds)

    #16. He had learnt enough Greek and Latin to read the classical in the original.(Rewrite using ‘Gerund’)

    #17. I intend to visit Mumbai next month. (Rewrite the sentence using gerunds)

    #18. To die is better than to surrender. (Rewrite the sentence using gerunds)

    #19. I hate waiting at crowded railway stations. (Rewrite use infinitive from of the word underlined)

    #20. To make India literate is to change their fate. (gerunds)

    Check Your Results/ Marks

    Results

    Congratulations. You have scored more than 70% marks. Arsod Sir

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    Needs to pay attention to the proper use of Infinitive/gerund. Arsod Sir

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    HD Quiz powered by harmonic design

    Present Participle and Past Participle and Adjective Compound 

     Present Participle (…….ing )

    Screenshot (304)

    1)Working regularly is very good.

    (What is the underlined word called? What function does it play? )   

    Ans.  The word working is called present participle It’s function is a noun.

    2)she is working in a Male dominated Profession. (What is the underlined word called? What function does it play?)     

    Ans: The word working is called present participle It’s function is a verb 

    3)There is an elaborate healing mechanism. (What is the underlined word called? What function does it play? )   

     The word healing is called present participle It’s function is an adjective

    Past Participle

    Screenshot (305)

    1) I have written a very long letter (What is the underline word called? What function does it play )

    Ans:  The word written is called past participle It’s function is a verb. 

    2) I believe a powerful force for empowerment is to have motivated teachers. (What is the underline word called? What function does it play )

    Ans:  The word motivated is called past participle It’s function is an adjective.

    3) That had begun the families determined effort to help David. (What is the underline word called? What function does it play )

    Ans:  The word determined is called past participle It’s function is an adjective.

    4) Thinking is most essential for the human development. (What is the underline word called? What function does it play )

    5) making mistake is very common.  (What is the underline word called? What function does it play )         

     6) There were barking dogs which disturb people at night.

    7) The crying hawkers attracted customer. 

    8) Hawkers crying attracts customer.

    9) They take delight in designing.

    10) courage is sticking to your post in danger.

    11) How can we expect to change the woman’s condition if we educated woman or not prepared to stand up.

    12) On May,27,1976 David Hartman had received his medical degree.

    13) An astonishing side was beheld by Carter.      

    14) Ganukaka was relating the story of a neighbour of him.

    15) The goal of civilized India would be described by some.

    16) we celebrated the wedding of my daughter.      

    17) Dean also provided water, from a drinking fountain.

    18) 50 American citizen have been produced.           

    20) Drinking water was provided by quite a few service organization on the way.

    20) They have planted nearly two lakh trees on the forest and around the village.

    Adjective Compound (Compound Adjective & Types)

    (Note : If two words are used to prepare an adjective is called a compound adjective.)

    1) I saw there tree-nesting birds. The word tree nesting. (What is the underline word called?)

    Ans. the underlined word “tree-nesting” is called a compound adjective.

    2) We have tried various home- spun remedies(What is the underline word called?)

    Ans. the underlined word “Home-spun” is called a compound adjective.

    3) In sea we find everywhere fish-eating animals. (What is the underline word called?)

    Ans. underlined word “fish-eating” is called a compound adjective.

    4) Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was a very hard-working student. (What is the underline word called?)

    Ans. : underlined word “hard-working” is called a compound adjective.

    5) She is working in a male-dominated profession. (What is the underline word called?)

    Ans. underlined word “male-dominated” is called a compound adjective.

    6) The wife gets a black eye from an otherwise good- natured husband.

    Ans. underlined word “good- natured” is called a compound adjective.

    1

    1] Lying awake looking at the star-studded sky. (What is the underlined word called? write its kind)

    Ans. the underlined word “star-studded” is called compound adjective. Type- Noun +Past Participle

    2) I saw there tree-nesting birds. (What is the underlined word called? write its kind)
    Ans. the underlined word “tree-nesting” is called compound adjective. Type- Noun + Present Participle

    3) We have tried various home- spun remedies. (What is the underlined word called? write its kind)
    Ans. the underlined word “Home-spun” is called compound adjective. Type- Noun + Noun

    4) In sea we find everywhere fish-eating animals. (What is the underlined word called? write its kind)
    Ans. underlined word “fish-eating” is called compound adjective. Type- Noun + Present Participle

    5) Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was a very hard-working student. (What is the underlined word called? write its kind)
    Ans. . underlined word “hard-working” is called compound adjective. Type- Noun + Present Participle

    6) She is working in a male-dominated profession. (What is the underlined word called? write its kind)
    Ans. underlined word “male-dominated” is called compound adjective. Type- Noun +Past Participle

    7) Mohanlal is a part-time worker.
    (Find out an compound adjective from the sentence. write its kind. )

    Ans. part-time – an adjective compound
    Type- Noun + Noun

    8) This is an too-common error.
    (Find out an compound adjective from the sentence. write its kind. )

    Ans. too-common – an adjective compound
    Type- Noun + Noun

    9) Beware of the green-eyed monster.
    (Find out an compound adjective from the sentence. write its kind)

     Ans. green-eyed – an adjective compound
    Type- Noun +Past Participle

    10) He is a cold-blooded man.
    (Find out compound adjective from the sentence. write its kind.)

     Ans. cold-blooded – a compound adjective
    Type- Noun +Past Participle

    11) I love four room house!
    (Find out an compound adjective from the sentence. write its kind.) 

    Ans. four room – a compound adjective :Type- Number + Noun

    12) Danny‟s dog is well-behaved animal.
    (Find out compound adjective from the sentence write its kind. )

    Ans. well-behaved – an adjective compound
    Type- Noun +Past Participle

    13) You have to be open-minded person about things.
    (Find out compound adjective from the sentence. write its kind.)

     Ans. open-minded – an adjective compound
    Type- Noun +Past Participle

    14) I have watched today a three-hour movie.
    (Find out compound adjective from the sentence. write its kind.)

    Ans. open-minded – an adjective compound
    Type- Number + Noun

    15) This is a four-foot table.
    (Find out compound adjective from the sentence. write its kind).

     Ans. four-foot – an adjective compound
    Type- Number + Noun

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    Isha Milind Deshpande
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    Extra Examples

    NON-TEXTUAL SENTENCES

    1)     It freed me to enter one of the most creative periods of my life. (use gerund from of the word underlined)

    Ans. It freed me entering one of the most creative periods of my life.

    2) Interventions recommended in the study to educe traffic accidents include strategies to increase the use of public transport. (Rewrite using ‘gerund’ from of the word underlined)

    Ans. Interventions recommended in the study reducing traffic accidents include strategies to increase the use of public transport.

    3) If could quite possibly inspire the apathetic residents of south Melbourne to rediscover the values that had been drained out of them. (Rewrite using ‘gerund’ from of the word underlined)

    Ans. If could quite possibly inspire the apathetic residents of south Melbourne in rediscovering the values that had been drained out of them.

    4) It was one thing not to pamper Dave.

    Ans. It was one thing not pampering Dave.

    5) She was taking so much pains to beautify a government house.

    Ans. She was taking so much pains of beautifying a government house.

    6) Mother began developing cataract in her eyes.

    Ans. Mother began to develop cataract in her eyes.

    7) t is about not seeing the would but seeing the light.

    Ans. It is about not to see the would but to see the light.

    8)     My duties like rolling out chappatis, frying fish on weekends.

    Ans. My duties like to roll out chappatis, to fry fish on weekends.

    9)     I got caught each time, I tried arguing.

    Ans. I got caught each time, I tried to argue.

    10)   Then settle on a roof-top or a tree enjoying a leisurely meal. 

    Ans. Then settle on a roof-top or a tree to enjoy a leisurely meal.

    11)   To cultivate good habits among the people, the panchayat undertook a massive awareness drive.

    Ans. Cultivating good habits among the people, the panchayat undertook a massive awareness drive.

    12)   We try to heal the symptom.

    Ans. We try healing the symptom.

    13)   I would walk seven miles across town every Sunday night to get one good meal a week.

    Ans. I would walk seven miles across town every Sunday night getting one good meal a week.

    14)   Making omelettes and rolling out chappatis became my special duties.

    Ans. To Make omelettes and to roll out chappatis became my special duties.

    15)   I have tried taking you along on a few shopping trips.

    Ans. I have tried to take you along on a few shopping trips.

    16)   Finally, we tried to combine forces.

    Ans. Finally, we tried combining forces.

    17)   Robbing children of their childhood is a criminal act.

    Ans. To rob children of their childhood is a criminal act.

    18)   That had begun the family’s determined effort to help David.(What is the underlined word called. What function does it play)

    Ans. The underlined word is a past participle.

             It plays the function of an adjective.

    1) Courage is sticking to your post in danger. (Make use of the infinitive and rewrite the sentence)

    Ans. Courage is to stick to your post in danger.

    2)     I regretted saying that it wasn’t true. (Rewrite using infinitive from of the word underlined)

    Ans. I regretted to say that it wasn’t true.

    3)     It is, however difficult to explain the origin of speech. (using from of the word underlined)

    Ans. Explaining the origin of speech is, however, difficult.

    4)     Food is the most essential factor in building and maintaining health. (Remove the underlined gerunds and rewrite using infinitive forms)

    Ans. Food is the most essential factor in to build and to maintain health.

    5)  To die is better then to surrender. (Rewrite the sentence using gerunds)

    Ans. Dying is better then to surrender.

    6)     I could hardly bring myself to enter her room. (Rewrite using gerunds)

    Ans. I could hardly bring myself entering her room.

    7)     Women say that the armed forces help to develop resource skills.    (Rewrite using gerunds)

    Ans. Women say that the armed forces help developing resource skills.

    8)     Anil likes to take photos.  (Rewrite using gerunds)

    Ans. Anil likes taking photos.

    9)     I like to check my answer book before I submit it. (Rewrite using gerunds)

    Ans. I like checking my answer book before I submit it

    10)   She is working in an exclusively male dominated society. (use infinitive from of the verb underlined)

    Ans. She is to work in an exclusively male dominated society.

    11)   It is better to starve then to beg. (Rewrite using gerund from of the word underlined)

    Ans. Starving It is better then begging.

    12)   But he refused to do so. (Rewrite the sentence using gerunds)

    Ans. But he refused doing so.

    13)   Every country has government. It looks after its progress. (join two sentence using infinitive from of the underlined verb)

    Ans. Every country has government to look after its progress.

    14)   Overtaking the record was a mere formality. (Rewrite sentence using infinitive from of the word underlined)

    Ans. To overtake the record was a mere formality.

    15)   I intend to visit Mumbai next month. (Rewrite the sentence using gerunds)

    Ans. I intend visiting Mumbai next month.

    16)   I hate waiting at crowded railway stations. (Rewrite use infinitive from of the word underlined)

    Ans. I hate to wait at crowded railway stations.

    17)   A producer invests money in building up a reputation.

    Ans. A producer invests money in to build up a reputation.

    18)   Making toys in child’s play.

    Ans. To Make toys in child’s play.

    19)   The crew sacrificed themselves for saving the passengers.

    Ans. The crew sacrificed themselves for to save the passengers.

    20)   The leisure pursuits of a young man thus help us to map out a congenial occupational area for him

    Ans. The leisure pursuits of a young man thus help us mapping out a congenial occupational area for him.

    21)   The jobs that men enjoy doing most can always wait. (Rewrite using from of the verb)

    Ans. The jobs that men enjoy to do most can always wait.

    22)   He preferred to talk. (Rewrite using from of the verb)

    Ans. He preferred talking.

    23)   No one has yet invented a suitable way of using its rays.

    Ans. No one has yet invented a suitable way to use its rays.

    24)   We can do nothing which may bring discredit to our cause.

    Ans. We can do nothing which may to bring discredit to our cause.

    25)   It takes thousands of tons of mineral to produce only a few ounces of radium.

    Ans. Producing only a few ounces of radium takes thousands of tons of mineral.

    26)   There is an elaborate healing mechanism within the body. (What function dose the underlined word perform in this sentence. What is it called)

    Ans. It functions as an adjective.

            It is called present participle.

    27)   They can help to start a dialogue. (use gerund from of the word underlined)

    Ans. They can help starting a dialogue.

    28)   He learnt to speak English after attending the spoken English class.

    Ans. He learnt speaking English after attending the spoken English class.

    29)   He refused accepting others advice. (Use infinitive)

    Ans. He refused to accept others advice.

    30)   I cannot afford to buy a car of my own. (use gerund)

    Ans. I cannot afford buying a car of my own.

    31)   Most people like to look at pictures of pretty girls.

    Ans. Most people like looking at pictures of pretty girls.

    32)   He has succeeded in inducing people to believe.

    Ans. He has succeeded in to induce people to believe.

    33)  The clouds swirl down to touch the Himalyas, smattering them with affectionate layers of fresh snow.

    Ans. The clouds swirl down to touch the Himalyas, to smatter them with affectionate layers of fresh

     

    11)   To cultivate good habits among the people, the panchayat undertook a massive awareness drive.

    Ans. Cultivating good habits among the people, the panchayat undertook a massive awareness drive.

    17)   Robbing children of their childhood is a criminal act.

    Ans. To rob children of their childhood is a criminal act.

    3)     It is, however difficult to explain the origin of speech. (using from of the word underlined)

    Ans. Explaining the origin of speech is, however, difficult.

    13)   Every country has government. It looks after its progress. (join two sentence using infinitive from of the underlined verb)

    Ans. Every country has government to look after its progress.

    18)   Making toys in child’s play.

    Ans. To Make toys in child’s play.

    14)   Overtaking the record was a mere formality. (Rewrite sentence using infinitive from of the word underlined)

    Ans. To overtake the record was a mere formality.

    25)   It takes thousands of tons of mineral to produce only a few ounces of radium.

    Ans. Producing only a few ounces of radium takes thousands of tons of mineral.

    34)   The first step in education is learning to read.

    Ans. The first step in education is to learn to read.

    35)   To hide anything means that you are afraid.

    Ans. Hiding anything means that you are afraid.

    36)   An animal may alter the surrounding providing a home for another animal.

    Ans. An animal may alter the surrounding to provide a home for another animal.

    37)   Knotted strings and notched sticks were frequently used for sending messages.

    Ans. Knotted strings and notched sticks were frequently used for to send messages.

    38)   Courage is acting with presence of mind.

    Ans. Courage is to act with presence of mind.

    39)   Josh paused, watching his father’s light recede.

    Ans. Josh paused, to watch his father’s light recede.

    40)   They divided into teams checking tunnels.

    Ans. They divided into teams to check tunnels.

    41)   Resting is rusting.

    Ans. To rest is to rust.

    42)   She began to laugh.

    Ans. She began laughing.

    43)   He likes reading novels.

    Ans. He likes to read novels

    44)   He hates to get up early in the morning.

    Ans. He hates getting up early in the morning.

    45)   Teaching English is a difficult task.

    Ans. To teach English is a difficult task.

    46)   Thinking is feeling responsible.

    Ans. To think is feeling responsible.

    47)   Making mistake is very common.

    Ans. To make mistake is very common.

    48)   Collecting coins is my hobby.

    Ans. To collect coins is my hobby.

    49)   Finding fault with others is very easy.

    Ans. To find fault with others is very easy.

    50)   To make India literate is to change their fate.

    Ans. Making India literate is changing their fate.

    51)   He went to the market for buying vegetables.

    Ans. He went to the market for to buy vegetables.

    52)   They take delight in designing. (What function dose the underlined word perform? What is it called)

    Ans. It Function as a noun.  It is called gerund. (a verb acting as a noun)

    53)   There were barking dogs which disturbed people at night.

    Ans. It Functions as an adjective. It is called present participl

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