Poetic Appreciation

Poetic Appreciation

Father Returning Home

About the poet:

       Dilip Purushottam Chitre (1938-2008) was a notable Indian poet, critic, painter and filmmaker of the modern era. His Ekun Kavita or Collected Poems were published in the nineteen nineties in three volumes.

   Theme :

      It is an autobiographical poem. The poet has shown the loneliness of an old man in our modern society in a beautiful way by depicting a picture of his own father returning home from work. The poem expresses the generation gap between a “father” and “children”. No one is there to take care of him, to converse with him or to understand and share his feelings.

Special features of the poem:

       The poem consists of two stanzas of 12 lines each. It is written in free verse with no particular rhyme scheme followed.

Poetic devices and language:          

                  The language is easy and simple but full of symbolic expressions and poetic devices like simile, alliteration, Transferred Epithet, Synecdoche. The poet uses imagery and descriptive words (evening train, yellow light, unseeing eyes, eyes dimmed by age, gray platform).

The message

The poem gives the message that old people are neglected and not cared in the modern society. This modern world has no place for elderly people. No one thinks about their loneliness or care for them. Indirectly the poet gives us the message that we should take care of the elderly people and give them good treatment at home.


My Opinion about the poem:

Overall, I find the poem highly relevant to today’s world. The aspect that I like the most about the poem is the simplicity with which it conveys a strong message to the readers.

She Walks in Beauty

       George Gordon Byron known simply as Lord Byron was a famous English Romantic poet and also a satirist. (व्यंगकार) At the age of 21, he started a tour of Europe and the Orient (East) after which he composed ‘Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage’ which made him very popular in England.

‘She Walks in Beauty’ is a short lyrical poem celebrating female beauty. The poet describes an unnamed woman who is exceptionally striking. The poet describes not only her external appearance but also her inner goodness. Byron compares her to the night sky describing her serene (calm) and perfect beauty.    

      The theme of the poem is beauty, the outer beauty and inner beauty. The woman’s eyes, her black tresses, her soft cheek, her clam brow and the lovely colour of skin describe outer beauty.    The peaceful mind, winning smile, loving heart, and glowing tint describe inner beauty. Using the word heaven he gave a divine touch to a beauty.

       The poet uses here many poetic devices like simile, alliteration, metaphor, personification,  antithesis, inversion, repetition, tautology etc. There is rhyme scheme ababab used in all the stanzas. Imagery such as, “night”; “starry sky”; “cloudless climes”; glowing tint “cheek” and “brow.” make the poem effective and beautiful.

      The poem “She Walks in Beauty” is a short lyrical poem consisting of three stanzas of six lines each which has a steady rhythm and the language is rich with poetic devices. Though the poet does not name the woman, or give any details of her age, it does not affect the poem.

    This poem gives us a message about the importance of inner beauty, which is almost a divine thing that will make external beauty possible because if a person is sinless his mind is pure and clam.

     I like this poem because it makes us realize that one should look inner beauty than just outer appearance.

'Small Towns and Rivers'

    Mamang Dai from Arunachal Pradesh is the poet of Small Towns and Rivers. Being a poet, she is novelist, journalist and former civil servant, who writes in English as well as Adi language. She is also an active radio and TV journalist. She has received Padmashree Award in 2011 and Sahitya Akademi Award in 2017.

     This poem is taken from the collection of the poems, ‘The River Poems’, published in 2004. The poem describes that the river is an important element of the nature. It is based on the belief of the tribal people from the North East that the souls of the beloved ones dwell in the natural elements around us. The title of the poem creates curiosity in readers mind.

            The theme of the poem is preservation and conservation of natural elements to save the earth as well as all the living beings. It is the anxiety of the poet about the developments in the small towns.

      The poem is written in free-verse, because there is no rhyme scheme used in all seven stanzas. She has used variety of poetic devices in the poem which enriches the poem. They are Alliteration, Repetition, Simile, Metaphor, Inversion, Transferred Epithet, Antithesis, Personification etc. The use of transferred epithet helps express the feelings of the poetess and personification makes the river alive.

        Mamang Dai has used simple and easy language in the poem. It consists of seven stanzas each having an irregular line-count and the length of lines is also different. The overall poem doesn’t contain any specific rhyme scheme.

       The poet gives us message that we should stop the degradation of the natural elements in our locality and protect and conserve them.

        I like this poem because the poet now lives in the city but she has not forgotten her home town, her language and her tribal culture because she has recorded the poem with the help of the beliefs of Adi’ community. I think this is the best poem by Mamang Dai.

Question Bank For XII

Std. X (Marathi Medium)

Std. X (English Medium)

       The SSC Board Exam will be conducted from 2nd March to 25th March and HSC Board Exam will be held from 21st February to 1st March. for detail see the timetable provided by the board.

The provided question banks are only for the practice, but they are a golden opportunity for students to ensure they are thoroughly prepared for the examinations.

Read this article to ensure you do not make any mistakes while filling the Board exam answer booklet: Maharashtra State Government Announces New Rules for SSC and HSC Exams.

With the Maharashtra Board Exams for Std. 10 and Std. 12 students just around the corner, the state government has released certain rules to write the answer paper.

The examinations will be conducted as per original pre-pandemic rules  in full swing.  Some of the rules highlighted by the Education Minister are as follows:

1. According to the latest circular released, students are instructed to write on both sides of each page of the answer booklet. None of the answer booklet pages or supplementary sheets should be left empty.

2. After receiving the barcode sticker, students can fill the subject, seat number and question paper set. Students must remember to sign their answer booklets and supplementary sheets.

3. Students must stick the barcode stickers given to them by exam supervisors are stuck properly in the allotted space.

4. Only blue or black pens can be used to write the answer papers. If any other coloured pen is used, the answer paper will not be checked.

5. Students should arrive at the exam centre 30 minutes before the exam time. If the exam slot is in the morning, students are expected to reach by 10:30 a.m. and if it is in the afternoon, then students should arrive at the exam centre by 2:30 p.m.

Students must strictly follow these rules while filling their answer booklets

For more information, visit the official website of the board: maa.ac.in

All the best for your upcoming examination!

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